Research Publications

Collegiate Recovery Programs:  The Integrated Behavioral Health Model

Ashford, Brown, & Curtis (2018)

Campus-based recovery programs have been shown to support students in recovery from substance use disorders, as well as mental health disorders. However, this support has been historically delivered in isolation. This study highlights preliminary outcomes from a novel collegiate recovery program, one that uses a model of recovery with integrated support services for students in recovery from substance use or mental health disorders, or co-occurring behavioral health disorders. Similar to traditional collegiate recovery programs, beneficial services of the integrated program were most often related to peer-based services. Outcomes were also similar, with students in recovery having higher than average Grade Point Average (M = 3.68, SD = .34) and lengths of recovery time (M = 3.69, SD = 2.87 [years]).

Suggested Citation:
Ashford, R. D., Brown, A. M., & Curtis, B. (2017). Collegiate Recovery Programs: The Integrated Behavioral Health Model. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 1-12.


Bridging the gaps: Intergenerational findings from the substance use disorder and recovery field

Ashford & Brown (2017)

The substance use disorder and recovery field has undergone rapid transformation over the last 40 years. It currently has a workforce that includes three generations—Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Millennials. The current study sought to identify generational differences among those involved in the substance-use disorder and recovery profession using an embedded design and grounded theory approach. Findings suggest that generational differences do exist across the three generations in regard to ideologies, value of formal and informal knowledge, training, and education. Results from the current study provide a further understanding of how we may bridge perceived contentious ideologies and knowledge gaps between generations to better develop current and future professionals within the field.

Suggested Citation:
Ashford, R. D., & Brown, A. (2017). Bridging the gaps: Intergenerational findings from the substance use disorder and recovery field. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 15(4), 326-351.

What we know about students in recovery: meta-synthesis of collegiate recovery programs, 2000-2017

Ashford, Brown, Eisenhart, Thompson-Heller, & Curtis (2018)

As a relatively new field of practice, collegiate recovery programs (CRP), have used a practice-informed approach as a means of establishing best practices and pedagogy. While research on collegiate recovery programs and populations of students in recovery is growing, much of the qualitative studies have yet to be synthesized into a useful organizing matrix. This study utilizes meta-synthesis design to explore the leading qualitative research on student experiences in collegiate recovery. From this synthesis, researchers identified six metaphors from ten included studies from 2000–2017. The six metaphors of social connectivity, recovery supports, drop-in recovery centers, internalized feelings, coping mechanisms, and conflict of recovery/student status, support much of the preexisting practices and provide a critical framework for future program design, service delivery, and research.
Keywords: Addiction, collegiate recovery, meta-synthesis, behavioral health, higher education, recovery

Suggested Citation:
Ashford, Brown, Eisenhart, Thompson-Heller, and Curtis. (2018). What we know about students in recovery: meta-synthesis of collegiate recovery programs, 2000-2017. Addiction Research and Theory. Vol. 26 (1), pp. 1-9.

Achieving a 15% Relapse Rate: A Review of Collegiate Recovery and Physician Health Programs

Brown, & Bohler (2018)

Evidence from physician health programs (PHPs) suggest that long-term continuums of step-down care are effective at achieving at or near a 15% relapse rate. Parallel to the PHP model, evidence from collegiate recovery programs (CRPs) cite a relapse rate from year to year of 8%. The CRP and PHP models involve long-term, comprehensive components of care and ancillary services oriented toward highly transformative abstinence-based recovery. This article identifies factors between the two models that facilitate recovery and discusses the implications for future research.

Alumni Characteristics of Collegiate Recovery Programs: A National Survey

Austin M. Brown, Robert D. Ashford, Naomi Figley, Kayce Courson, Brenda Curtis & Thomas Kimball
Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly Vol. 0, Iss. 0, 2018

Collegiate recovery programs (CRPs) support students in or seeking recovery from substance use disorders or mental health disorders while enrolled in college. Collegiate recovery has been established as a field of study since the 1970s. To date, a number of qualitative studies have been completed on the programs and students served, along with a single national descriptive survey. This pilot study is the first undertaken exploring the status (recovery, professional, and quality of life) of student alumni that engaged in undergraduate collegiate recovery programs (CRP). Results contain alumni recovery status, primary recovery supports utilized, relapse rates since graduation, and recovery capital/quality of life scores. Similar to previously published works, CRP alumni remain actively in recovery, with relapse rates only slightly higher than the national average of students currently engaged in CRPs (10.2% vs. 6.8%). Findings are preliminary evidence that collegiate recovery programs adequately prepare engaged students for future recovery and professional life.